Disappearing world – impact of road construction on wetlands and ephemeral aquatic habitats
Small freshwater basins and vernal pools or ephemeral ponds are vulnerable aquatic habitats that are easily disturbed under the impact of various factors. These habitats are essential for a number of aquatic and semiaquatic organisms. Furthermore, the area around these waterbodies (or "life zone") is equally important for completion of their life cycles; it is thus recommended that a wider area of a radius between 30 to 300 m should be protected as well, and if present species display distinct migratory behaviour, it is necessary to extend this buffer-zone even up to 1000 m around the waterbody. However, this is sometimes not easily achieved in practice if there is a road or other public infrastructure in vicinity. Some species are completely dependent on their ephemeral habitat. Their biology and ecology must be taken into account when planning any type of activity near such waterbodies. Due to their small size, these waterbodies are not in the focus of neither lawmakers nor planers and contractors, and are widely neglected in spatial and other planning. For their adequate protection, it is necessary to properly plan construction activities, to secure a natural protective zone, and to create habitat corridors. Generally, it is important to raise awareness on significance of ephemeral wetland protection and conservation through education of decision makers, wider communities, and contractors themselves.
Copyright (c) 2019 Put i saobraćaj
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY-NC that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).