Model for the assessment of line operation in intermediate passenger transport
Transport companies dealing with the transport of passengers on long-distance lines have a problem with the profitability of the lines operation, which reduce their efficiency. The aim of this paper is to present a methodology for estimating income using a sample method of a transport company that will show that with the existing capacity, the company can better perform the chosen jobs. The research was performed by tracking the operation of the long-distance line over two years and calculating the relevant parameters and measuring coefficients of the reference transport company. The results show that the following parameters have the greatest influence on the income and profit of the transport company: the coefficient of static utilization of bus capacity (γ), the coefficient of dynamic utilization of bus capacity (ε) and the capacity of bus (q). This indicates the possibility of introducing vehicles with lower capacity, if it is shown to be necessary, and thus reducing operating costs. The proposed methodology can be applied in the process of transport production in order to establish cost and revenue norms on long-distance lines, since the cost-effectiveness of line operation is not performed on the lines of these classes.
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