Analysis of the toll collection technologies impact on the air pollution
Development of new technologies create conditions for applying various collecting systems of fee or charge i.e. toll for road usage. Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) system is considered an efficient tool for improving conditions in traffic flow and decreasing delays due to contactless payment. However, as the result of many researches, it is estimated that ETC system can achieve greater benefits considering environment quality – primarily air quality. It is much harder to determine the influence of ETC system on the environment, than on improving traffic performance (density, queues, delays, capacity, safety). Yet, the scientific estimation of the ETC influence on environment conditions is of essential importance for ETC projects evaluation, and it also offers important information considering future system developing strategies. This paper presents, overview of the models and influence of ETC researches on air quality, with special emphasis on comparison analysis of traditional manual toll system with stopping, electronic system that demands speed reduction without stopping and multiline free flow system.
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